The Cittadella del Sangallo is a 16th century fortress on a hill in Ancona. Together with the more famous Rocca Paolina of Perugia, this citadel is among the most important military constructions of the 16th century. From the park located within the walls of this citadel, one has a beautiful panorama of the city.
Cittadella del Sangallo Ancona
Address: Via Circonvallazione – Ancona. Opening times: The park is open every day from 08:00 till 19:00. Entrance to the park is free.
History and description
The Cittadella del Sangallo is located on the Colle Astagno hill, the highest point of the city. It was built around the year 1532 by Antonio da Sangallo il Giovane. As with several buildings in Ancona, this was commissioned by Pope Clement VII, who wanted to protect the city from attacks by the Saracens.
Together with the more famous Rocca Paolina of Perugia, this citadel belongs to the most important military constructions of the 16th century.
The polygonal building, which has seven bastions, is located at the entrance point to the city, today’s Piazza Sangallo.
Towards the end of the 18th century, the walls were connected to the Porta Pia by ramparts.
In 1799, the fortress was besieged for 100 days by the French general Jean-Charles Monnier and in 1849 it managed to hold out against Austrian attacks.
Today, the largest park in Ancona is located within the walls of the Citadella and it is from here that one has the most beautiful view of the city.