Fermo is the capital of the province of the same name in the Marche region on Italy’s east coast. The city is less than 10 kilometers from the Adriatic coast and has a small but beautiful historic center. This center is located on a hill about 300 meters high. Fermo has more than 36,000 inhabitants.small
Fermo travel guide
Tourist information: There is a tourist office at Piazza del Popolo, 1.
Public transport: The nearest train station is in the coastal town of Porto San Giorgio. From here there is a bus to Fermo every 20 minutes during the day. The nearest airport is in Ancona.
The central square of Fermo is the Piazza del Popolo. This square is lined by the most important buildings of the city, such as the Palazzo dei Priori and the Palazzo Apostolico. The former is the seat of the Municipal Art Gallery.
A brief history of Fermo
As early as the 6th century BC, the area where Fermo was founded was already inhabited. In 258 BC, it became a Roman colony under the name Firmum Picenum. However, it remained independent enough to be allowed to mint its own currency.
When the Barbarians invaded the region, the city was almost completely destroyed. In Lombard times it was a county under Spoleto. Later it became an independent county.
By the end of the 12th century, Fermo became an independent municipality. It even had control over the surrounding castles.
After having suffered under various feudal lords in the 13th and 14th centuries, it became property of the church.
During the Napoleonic period, Fermo was the capital of the department of Tronto.
Fermo has two exclaves within the province. The town itself is horseshoe shaped, with the opening to the right. The coastal town of Porta San Giorgio nestles between the two ends.
How to get to Fermo by car
Fermo is located on the provincial road SP239, which leads from Porto San Giorgio to Amandola.