Gianicolense is Rome‘s 12th quartiere and is situated in the south eastern part of the Italian capital. Romans call the area Monteverde, and divide it further into Monteverde Vecchio, Monteverdo Nuovo (the old and the new Monteverde) and Colli Portuensi.
Gianicolense District Rome (Q. XII)
Monteverde is the name of the hill where the first inhabitants of the Gianicolense district settled. Together with Monte Mario, the Vatican and the Janiculum, Monteverde is situated on the western bank of the river Tiber, whereas Rome’s famous seven hills can be found on the other side of the river.
Gianicolense is however named for the Gianicolo (Janiculum) hill, or to be more precise, for the walls around this hill, the Mura Gianicolense. The Janiculum hill itself is in to the rione Trastevere.
The name Monteverde is thought to refer to the green colored volcanic tufa stone that was found on the hill.
The present Monteverde is an area for the wealthy. One of Rome’s biggest hospitals, the San Camillo-Forlanini is situated in the area. One of Rome’s minor railway stations, Stazione Trastevere, can be found on the edge of the quartiere. From here there is a direct connection both to the main railway station Roma Termini and to the international airport of Fiumicino.
The most important tourist attractions are the Catacombs of San Pancrazio, the church of the same name, and Rome’s biggest park, the Villa Doria Pamphilj.