The Palazzo Carignano in Turin, built in a Baroque style, is one of the most important buildings in Italian history, since it is the place where the unification of Italy was proclaimed in 1861. At the moment it houses the Museo del Risorgimento. In the royal apartments, the Royal Arsenal can be visited.
Palazzo Carignano Turin
Address: Via Accademia delle Scienze 5 – Torino. Phone: +39 011 5621147. Public transportation: Bus: 4, 11, 58/. Opening hours: Tuesday to Sunday from 09.30 to 19.00. (Last entry 18.00.). Closed: Monday. Entrance fee: 10 Euro.
History and description
The Palazzo Carignano was built between 1679 and 1684 by Guarino Guarini. It was commissioned by Prince Emanuele Filiberto il Muto (“the Mute One”).
The first Italian parliament had its seat here from 1861 to 1864. In 1865 Florence became the capital of Italy and the parliament moved.
Palazzo Carignano is the birthplace of both Carlo Alberto and Vittorio Emanuele II.
The façade is characterized by the elliptically protruding central section, a motif that is repeated on the courtyard side.
From the vestibule two spiral staircases go up to the piano nobile. Here the ballroom used to be, which in 1848 was to be transformed into the auditorium of the so-called Parlamento Subalpino. This was the Parliament of the Kingdom of Sardinia. It is all a bit confusing since all the power of this kingdom was exercised in Turin.
The building was extended between 1864 and 1871 with an additional wing designed by Gaetano Ferri and executed by Giuseppe Bollati. The façade of this wing faces Piazza Carlo Alberto. Opposite, with a monument depicting a horse-riding Carlo Alberto made in 1861 by Carlo Marochetti, is the former stable of the Prince of Carignano. This palazzo, blessed with a neo-classical facade, is now incorporated into the modern building that houses the Biblioteca Nazionale Universitaria.
At present, several agencies have their headquarters in the Palazzo Carignano, but for the average tourist only the Museo Nazionale del Risorgimento Italiano is of any interest.