Temple of Concordia Rome
The ruins of the Temple of Concordia are located in the Roman Forum. Its opening hours are those of the Forum, the Palatine and the Colosseum.
History Temple of Concordia Rome
The Tempio della Concordia is said to have been built in 367 BC, commissioned by Marco Furio Camillo. The occasion was the end of the struggle between the Patricians (the nobility) and the Plebeians (the common people) with the introduction of the Laws of Licinius and Sextius, which, among other things, ensured that from then on one of the two consuls at the head of the state had to be a plebeio.
Restorations took place in 121 B.C. (at the same time as the construction of the Basilica Opimia) and around the year 10 A.D. During this second renovation, the temple was furnished as a kind of museum by the later Emperor Tiberius, with mostly Greek works of art.
The shape in which the Temple of Concordia has been preserved is due to this renovation. The building was wider than it was deep, which was due to the limited space available. This space did include the place where the now destroyed Basilica Opimia had stood.
The temple itself was introduced by a pronaos with six columns, and a wide staircase. The sides of the pronaos were characterized by large windows.
Not much remains of the temple. The podium and threshold can still be seen. This consists of two huge blocks of marble in which a caduceus is carved. (A caduceus was the symbol of unity and consisted of a stick with two snakes wound around it. It should not be confused with the esculapus, which has only one snake.)
Part of the richly decorated entablature is displayed in the Tabularium, while one of the capitals is on display in the Forum’s Antiquarium.