The Via Quattro Novembre (“November 4th Street) is a very short street with several interesting buildings in he heart of Rome. It begins at the end of Via Nazionale, makes a sharp right turn, heads downhill for another sharp turn to the left and ends at the Piazza Venezia.
Via Quattro Novembre Rome
The name of the street refers to the armistice between Italy and Austria in World War I (which was signed on November 3, 1918, but did not take effect until one day later). Until then the Via IV Novembre was the last stretch of the Via Nazionale, which starts at the Piazza della Repubblica.
Places of interest
Torre delle Milizie
The Torre delle Milizie stand between the Santa Catarina Church and the Mercati di Traiano. After an eartquake in 1348, which caused the third floor to collapse, the tower acquired a slight slant.
Mercati di Traiano – Museum of the Imperial Fora
The Museo dei Fori Imperiali has its entrance on the Via IV Novembre, 94. In the museum you can see various plaster models of Imperial Rome and famous buildings from the rest of the empire in its heyday. From the back of the building you have a beautiful view over the Fori Imperiali.
The Palazzo Pignatelli (Via Quattro Novembre, 152) is named after the Neapolitan family that had it built in the 17th century. A scion of this family would later be elected Pope, as Innocenzo XII. In 1880, when the current street was constructed, the building was completely rebuilt by the architect Zampi. Of the original interior, the grand staircase and the throne room remain. In the atrium is a bronze bust of Innocenzo XII.
The Torre Colonna or the Torre Carbonis was built around the 12th century by Gildo Carboni. When the tower was later purchased by the Colonna family it was used along with other towers as part of a defense around the Piazza dei SS. Apostoli. It consists of six brick floors with a travertine corbelled top decorated with friezes from the nearby Fori Imperiali. The three friezes depict successively spirals of acanthus, cupids and a male torso. Above this again is a relief with a column (colonna, in Italian) surmounted by a crown, the coat of arms of the Colonna family.
The huge building in the second bend is the Palazzo dell’I.N.A.I.L. This stands for Istituto Nazionale per le Assicurazioni contro gli Infortuni sul Lavoro, which means as much as National Insurance Institute for people injured at work. This building from 1934 was designed by Armando Brasini. Previously, the Teatro Drammatico Nazionale was in this spot, and much earlier the Terme di Costantino. (Two famous sculptures found during the excavations necessary for the construction of the palace, “The Boxer” and the “Hellenistic Prince”, are now on display in the Museo Nazionale Romano).
Chiesa Evangelica Valdese
Thie Chiesa Evangelica Valdese was built between 1883 and 1884 to a design by G. Pandolfi.
Underneath the Palazzo Valentini building are the ruins of an ancient Roman Domus (reservation required). The palace itself is the administrative seat of the province of Rome (sine 2015, Città metropolitana di Roma Capitale).
The Palazzo Colonna is a historical building with an extremely beautiful art gallery. Since the Colonna family still lives in the building, it can only be visited on Saturday mornings.