The Villa Aurelia in Rome was property of Cardinal Gerolamo Farnese who had had it built in the year 1650. The house next-door used to belong to Alessandro Farnese (later Pope Paul III) and had been decorated by Gerolamo with paintings. Nowadays it is the seat of the American Academy.
Villa Aurelia Rome
Address, opening hours and admission
Address: Largo di Porta San Pancrazio, 1 – Rome (tel. +39 06 5846620/3). Opening hours: The building is not open to tourists.
History and description
The original name of this two-floor building was Villa Farnese. The ground floor has six windows and a big entrance, whereas the first floor is characterized by a loggia with 3 arches and 3 windows. In order to reach the palazzo, one had to follow a lane flanked by cypresses, to end up at the northern facade, which was fronted by a garden.
The villa remained property of the Moroni‘s till 1731, when it was acquired by the Borbone family from Naples. In 1775 it was bought by the Duke of Giraud.
In the beginning of the next century it was the turn of the Marquis Muti Papazzurri to buy the villa. The name was changed into Villa Savorelli and the building itself was reconstructed by Virgilio Vespignani (who was also responsible for the nearby Porta San Pancrazio).
Because of its position on a hill and therefore its excellent view the Villa Savorelli was chosen by Garibaldi to function as his headquarters. (After the villa had been bombed by the French soldiers, Garibaldi moved to the Villa Spada.)
In 1856 a new restoration took place and at the end of the 19th century the villa was bought by Clara Jessup from Philadelphia. She had it restored again (in 1908) and changed then name to Villa Aurelia. After her death she bequeathed the Villa Aurelia to the Accademia Americana.
This academy had been founded in 1905 as a private school of architecture. In 1909 it united with another school that was dedicated to the arts.
The Academy also owns another building in the Via Angelo Masina, 5.